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Top Engineering Colleges - India

Engineering is involved in everything we see and do in our day-to-day life. Engineers are involved in the design and development of new technology to keep pace with the ever-changing world.
Engineering combines creativity with scientific principles to create new inventions and developments. It is a popular field of study. Many students consider engineering a passion, and many pursue a career in it. Here's a quick overview of pursuing a career in engineering. Find out the various UG and PG level courses and career opportunities after pursuing engineering.

What is Engineering? Definition and Overview

Mathematics and science are applied to engineering to meet your needs. Engineering is in every field of life; it encompasses everything from building a bridge to making iron nails. It provides solutions in every field, including entertainment, transportation, space technology, etc. 

Engineering is defined as the creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilising them individually or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognisance of their design, or to forecast their behaviour under specific operating conditions; all concerning an intended function, economics of operation, and safety to life and property. This definition is provided by the American Engineers' Council for Professional Development (AECPD).

Importance of Engineering

Engineers design and develop new technology, and the field is continually evolving as they combine their creativity with technical principles to benefit society. Technological advancements have greatly changed people's lives thanks to engineers' knowledge and creativity in various industries.

We have mentioned some expected benefits of pursuing a career in engineering below:


Engineering techniques are applicable in the workplace and at home. You learn a wide range of strong skills, such as creativity, logical thinking, decision-making, etc. These skills are highly beneficial for career growth towards the management level.

High-Salary Potential:

Engineering in different specialisations is one of the highest-paying career choices. If you have the right knowledge and skill set, you can easily land your dream job.

International Opportunities:

As engineering involves the design and development of new technology, engineers are highly respected worldwide. This means you are open to numerous international opportunities after pursuing a degree in engineering.

Enhancement of Creativity:

Engineering promotes creative thinking. It combines scientific principles with creativity to develop new technology. It boosts one's capacity to come up with new ideas using existing technology.

Engineering Helps in Improving the World:

Engineers contribute to societal benefits by discovering and inventing new technologies to make the world a better place. Engineering promotes innovation and the designing of new technology to make life easier.

Course Highlights

Name of the course

Engineering Courses 

Type of Degree

  • Diploma 
  • Undergraduate 
  • Postgraduate 
  • Doctorate

Course Duration 

  • Diploma - 3 years 
  • Undergraduate- 3 or 4 years 
  • Postgraduate - 2 years 
  • Doctorate - 4 to 6 years 

Fees Structure

  • Diploma - INR 30,000 to INR 60,000 
  • Undergraduate- INR 25,000 to INR 3 lakh  
  • Postgraduate -  INR 50,0000 to INR 2,00,000 
  • Doctorate -  INR 1,50,0000 to INR 5,00,000  

Eligibility Criteria for the Engineering Courses:

  • For Engineering Diploma

Candidates must have passed the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/Tenth standard/equivalent examination with a minimum 45 percent grade in Science and Mathematics.

  • For B.E. or B.Tech Engineering

Class 12 candidates must have passed Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics from a recognised board. Additionally, they must have achieved minimum grades of 60 percent in all the subjects listed above.

B.Tech Entrance Exams:

  1. JEE Main 
  2. JEE Advanced 
  3. VITEEE 
  4. MHT CET


  • For B.Tech Lateral Entry Engineering Courses 

To qualify for this program, candidates must have graduated from a three-year diploma program awarded by the Board of Technical Examination of a state government with at least a 45 percent aggregate score.

  • For M.E. or M.Tech Engineering Courses 

To qualify for the ME/M.Tech degree course, the candidate must have completed a BE/B.Tech degree and obtained a valid score on the GATE exam.

M.E. or M.Tech entrance exams

  1. GATE
  5. IPU CET
  7. BITS HD.
  • For PhD Engineering Courses

Applicants must have achieved at least a 55 percent mark or 5.5 on the CPI scale in either a bachelor's degree in technology or a master's degree in a relevant field of study.

Bachelor’s of Engineering Specialization 

Students who wish to pursue a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) degree or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) can find a plethora of specialisations available and may take the relevant engineering entrance exams to enroll in the courses they are interested in. Here is a list of the top B.Tech courses available in India: 


B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering

B.Tech in Computer Science Engineering

B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering

B.Tech in Construction Engineering

B.Tech in Biomedical Engineering

B.Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering

B.Tech in Biotechnology Engineering

B.Tech in Environmental  Engineering

B.Tech in Chemical Engineering

B.Tech in Industrial Engineering

B.Tech in Civil Engineering

B.Tech in Marine Engineering

B.Tech in Communications Engineering

B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering

B.Tech in Ceramic Engineering

B.Tech in Mechatronics Engineering

B.Tech in Metallurgical Engineering

B.Tech in Production Engineering

B.Tech in Mining Engineering

B.Tech in Robotics  Engineering

B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering

B.Tech in Structural Engineering

B.Tech in Power Engineering

B.Tech in Telecommunication Engineering

B.Tech in Transportation Engineering

B.Tech in Tool Engineering

B.Tech in Textile Engineering

B.Tech in Electrical Engineering

Master’s of Engineering Specialization

  1. M.Tech Computer Science
  2. M.Tech Civil Engineering
  3. M.Tech Biotechnology
  4. M.Tech Artificial Intelligence
  5. M.Tech Cyber Security
  6. M.Tech  Structural engineering
  7. M.Tech CSE
  8. M.Tech Electrical engineering
  9. M.Tech Biomedical Engineering
  10. M.Tech Aerospace Engineering

Type of B.Tech course

The B.Tech course is available in full-time, part-time, and Distance B.Tech courses.

Part-Time B.Tech course

It is a four-year undergraduate engineering program accredited by AICTE and approved by the authority. A Part-Time B.Tech course is a relief to aspirants who want to gain practical knowledge while working and theoretical knowledge simultaneously. The following are the eligibility criteria for the Part-Time B.Tech course:

  1. A student must have passed the 10+2 with Physics, Math, and Chemistry as core subjects.
  2. A bachelor's degree in any relevant discipline can also be studied part-time by diploma holders.

Distance B.Tech Course

For professionals living or working in remote areas or with financial difficulties, B.Tech Distance Learning is an undergraduate degree in engineering offered via a distance learning mode. There are two admission dates for B.Tech  Distance Learning Courses each year: January and July. Students can also apply online through the university's official website for distance education programs. The application form and important verified documents can be sent to the university's regional center for offline admission to B.Tech  courses in distance learning.

Employment and career opportunities in Engineering Courses:

Job Position 

Job Description 

Average Salary 

Software Engineer

A software developer is responsible for designing, developing, and testing software applications.

From 5.7 LPA to 8.7 LPA

Data Scientist

Develops and executes data analysis processes to extract insights that can be used to drive business decisions.

From 10.00 LPA to 15.5 LPA

Data Engineer

Data engineers are responsible for building and maintaining the infrastructure to collect, store, process, and analyse data.

From 10.00 LPA to 12.5 LPA

Civil Engineer

Design, construct, and maintain infrastructure, which includes roads, bridges, buildings, and water systems.

From 4.50 LPA to 8.5 LPA

Chemical Engineer

Produces chemicals, fuels, and other materials by designing and developing the processes that are used in chemical production.

From 4.50 LPA to 8.5 LPA


Scope of the Engineering Course

Engineering has been a trending career option in India for decades. Students should note that upon completion of various engineering courses, they can opt for any of the above-mentioned job options.

Students who wish to pursue further education can opt for the M.S. degrees, MBA courses, and PhD courses available to them to gain additional expertise in their fields. Others can take entrepreneurship courses, apply for the civil service examination, and work in the government. 




  1.  Which are the best colleges for engineering in India?

Ans: Here is a list of the best colleges for engineering in India:

  1. What are the fees for engineering?

Ans: An engineering degree in India costs, on average, between 5 and 15 lakhs per year. Some institutions may have a different fee schedule and scholarship opportunities.

  1. Are B.Tech and Diploma degrees possible to pursue simultaneously?

Ans: In order to do this, you must do a regular B.Tech in the college and do a Diploma through a distance course or a certificate course. Time management depends on the individual's skills.

  1. Which are popular engineering entrance exams?

Ans: In India, JEE Mains and Advanced, WBJEE, MHT CET, GUJCET, and many other engineering entrance exams are very popular.

  1. In the engineering department, list the five most desired specialisations.

Ans: Engineering specialisations include Aeronautical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, and Biotechnology Engineering.


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