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Top Science Colleges - India

Starting from ordering a pizza to calling a friend, science is involved in everything you do. It is one of the most common streams that students tend to choose after giving their 10th board examinations. It allows you to explore a wide range of career opportunities apart from engineering and medical studies.

The advancement of technology has resulted in a rapid boom of career opportunities for science stream graduates. Read this blog to understand the various prospects and career opportunities after completing your 12th with science stream.

What is Science? Definition & Overview

Science is the study of fundamental processes in our daily lives. It is defined as the observation and implementation of physical and biological principles to make everyday life easier. It has three main subjects – Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Moreover, it gives you a wider range of exposure and career opportunities in different fields. If you are passionate about science, you can use its principles for experimenting with new theories.

Importance of Science

Science helps in understanding the basic procedures of nature. Scientific study is the base of new inventions and technological developments. Here are the top 10 benefits of studying science as the main subject:

  • Science helps in solving our day-to-day life problems.
  • It boosts your ability to think analytically.
  • It leads to technological developments.
  • It allows you to land your dream job with a handsome pay scale.
  • It helps in fighting climate change and protecting the environment.
  • Science has helped in finding medicines for most chronic diseases.

Tips on Choosing the Best Career Option for Science Students

Science offers many lucrative career opportunities making it harder for students to choose the best career option. Moreover, you can also switch your prospects after pursuing 12th Science. For instance, studying with a science background gives you the liberty to pursue B.Com. instead of B.Sc. or B.Tech. On the other hand, you can't opt for B.Sc. or B. Tech. after 12th Commerce.

Are you also confused about making the right career choice after pursuing 12th in the Science stream? Here, we have mentioned some basic tips on choosing the best career option for science students:

  • Initially, you should know about your field of interest. It is the basic step when deciding upon the best career option. Studying something that doesn't excite you to work is worthless.
  • After shortlisting a few fields of your interest, you need to research them to gain detailed insights about job availability and future scope.
  • You might also take career advice from your mentors and teachers. Their guidance might help you choose the right path toward success.

What are the Courses at UG & PG Level under Science?

The science stream is a fulfilling field of study that opens various career paths including technical, non-technical, and medical. Various colleges and universities have designed multiple courses to suit your interests. Choosing the right course that gives mental satisfaction along with financial stability is a bit typical. 

Hence, we have mentioned various UG and PG-level science-based courses to ease your research procedure. 

Undergraduate Science Courses

Science stream career aspirants can pursue various Diplomas and Bachelor's degrees as per their interests and preferences. To ease your worries, we will be outlining a few of the courses which can be taken after 12th Science:

  • B.Tech./B.E. (Bachelor in Technology) in various disciplines
  • B.Arch. (Bachelor of Architecture)
  • B.F. Tech. (Bachelor in Fashion Technology)
  • B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) General
  • B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) Hons. in various subjects
  • B.Sc. in Microbiology
  • B.Sc. in Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. in Psychology
  • B.Sc. in Nutrition & Dietetics
  • B.Sc. in Nursing
  • B.Sc. in Information Technology
  • B.Sc. in Food & Science Technology
  • B.Sc. in Anthropology
  • B.Sc. in Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. in Hospitality & Hotel Management
  • B.C.A. (Bachelor of Computer Application)
  • B.D.S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • BJMC (Bachelor in Journalism & Mass Communication)
  • B.Sc. in Data Science
  • B.Sc. in Nuclear Science
  • B.Sc. in Forensic Science
  • B. Pharma
  • Diploma in Digital Marketing
  • Diploma in Engineering
  • Diploma in Interior Designing
  • Diploma in Animation
  • Diploma in Radiological Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Lab Technology
  • Diploma in Event Management
  • Integrated B.Ed. Courses
  • Integrated Law Courses

Postgraduate Science Courses

Postgraduate courses provide more detailed knowledge about your subject. Hence, it is usually chosen in the same field as your graduation. However, you can choose some courses like MBA irrespective of your specialization in graduation. 

Below mentioned are some common postgraduate courses that you can pursue after completing graduation in science:

  • M.Tech/M.E. (Master of Technology) in various specializations
  • M.Sc. (Master of Science) General
  • M.Sc. Hons. in various subjects
  • MCA (Master of Computer Application)
  • M.Sc. in Finance
  • M.Sc. in Computer Science
  • M.Sc. in Data Science
  • M.Sc. in Information Technology
  • M.Sc. in Marketing
  • M.Sc. in Mental Healthcare
  • M.Sc. in Psychology
  • M.Sc. in Engineering Technology
  • Master of Mathematics & Quantitative Finance
  • Master of Philosophy in Forensic Science
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Biotechnology
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Lab Science
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Quantitative Finance

Educational Requirements – Important Exams One Should Appear for Pursuing a Career in Science

Various colleges and universities offer different UG & PG level courses based on the aggregate marks scored in 12th boards. However, you need to appear for different competitive level exams after pursuing 12th science to grab a seat in the top Indian colleges. 

We have mentioned some popular undergraduate-level competitive exams that you should appear to pursue a career in science below:

NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Exam)

NEET is a national-level competitive exam for students who have completed their 12th standard in Medical Science. The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts this exam every year to select the best deserving candidates for admission to MBBS and other medical programs in various top-level courses. All medical aspirants have to appear for this pre-medical entrance test for pursuing various undergraduate courses in medical sciences.

JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) Mains

JEE was earlier famous by the name All India Engineering Entrance Exam (AIEEE). The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts this national-level entrance exam to select deserving engineering aspirants for admission to various IITs. JEE Mains is the preliminary level exam that is divided into two papers. Engineering aspirants in various specializations should appear for Paper 1, while the students who want to enroll in B.Arch. and B. Planning should appear for Paper 2.

JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) Advanced

JEE Advanced is another national-level engineering entrance exam. One of the seven zonal IITs conducts this exam annually for engineering aspirants who qualify for JEE Mains. It is conducted under the supervision of the Joint Admission Board (JAB). It is ranked as the toughest examination in Indian history. 

Various non-IIT colleges and universities also select candidates based on their JEE Mains and Advanced percentile. 

AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)

National Law University (NLU), Delhi conducts AILET for law aspirants. It is a national-level exam conducted for selecting the best deserving candidates for admission to various UG and PG-level law courses. Apart from colleges affiliated with NLU, many other law colleges and universities also accept AILET scores during the admission procedure.

It is conducted annually in offline mode to fill up approximately 110 seats. It comprises five sections namely – English, General Knowledge, Logical Reasoning, Mathematics, and Legal Aptitude.

NCHMCT JEE (National Council of Hotel Management and Catering Technology Joint Entrance Examination)

The National Council of Hotel Management and Catering Technology Joint Entrance Examination (NCHMCT JEE) is a national-level entrance exam conducted for the selection of eligible students for various Hotel Management courses. Earlier this exam was conducted by NCHMCT, however, from 2019 onwards the National Testing Agency is authorized to conduct this exam every year.

It is conducted online to fill up a total of approx. 10000+ seats annually. Many hotel management colleges accept the NCHMCT JEE score apart from 23 participating institutes. Hotel management aspirants should make sure to appear and qualify for this exam to have a successful career.

Career Opportunities After Doing Science Courses

Science is a lucrative subject of study that opens various pathways to grab diverse career opportunities. It is a multi-disciplinary field that allows you to explore various medical and non-medical career options.

Here, we have mentioned some common and popular career options that you can choose after doing science courses:

Job Profile

Average Annual Income

Machine Learning Engineer

INR 5.8 Lacs per annum


INR 3.2 Lacs per annum


INR 7.5 Lacs per annum

Data Analyst

INR 3.8 Lacs per annum


INR 2.5 Lacs per annum

Software Engineer

INR 5.4 Lacs per annum

Research Scientist

INR 7.4 Lacs per annum

Web Developer

INR 3 Lacs per annum

Environmental Engineer

INR 3.5 Lacs per annum



Science graduates have a wide scope of high-paying career opportunities. Apart from Engineering and other graduate courses, students can also opt for entering into the Defence services through National Defence Academy (NDA). 

However, you need to be extra careful while you tread for choosing your future career prospects. You must always prioritize your career choices based on some major factors including your interest, innovation, budget, future career opportunities, chances of growth, and average pay scale.


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