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Engineering is involved in everything we see and do in our day-to-day life. Engineers are involved in the design and development of new technology to keep pace with the ever-changing world.

Moreover, engineering is the combination of creativity with scientific principles that results in new inventions and developments. Engineering is one of the most popular fields of education. Many students consider engineering as their passion and move forward toward making a career in engineering. 

Are you also passionate about engineering? Here's a quick overview of pursuing a career in the field of engineering. Read further to know about various UG and PG level courses and career opportunities after pursuing engineering.

What is Engineering? Definition and Overview

Engineering is the application of mathematics and science to satisfy your necessities. It is everywhere; from developing large bridges to manufacturing small iron nails, engineering is involved in everything. It provides a solution in every field including entertainment, transportation, space technology, etc. 

According to American Engineers’ Council for Professional Development (AECPD) engineering is the creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or to forecast their behavior under specific operating conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of operation and safety to life and property.

Importance of Engineering

The field of engineering is continuously evolving with the continuous efforts of engineers in designing and developing new technology. It allows you to combine your creativity with technical principles for societal benefits.

Engineers use their knowledge and creativity in different industries to create advancements in technology. The continuous developments in technology have changed the lives of people to a greater extent.

We have mentioned some common benefits of pursuing a career in engineering below:

  • Employability: 

Engineering techniques are applicable at the workplace as well as at home. You learn a large set of strong skills like creativity, logical thinking, decision-making, etc. These skills are highly beneficial for career growth towards the management level.

  • High-Salary Potential:

Engineering in different specializations is one of the highest-paying career choices. If you have the right knowledge and skillset, you can easily land your dream job.

  • International Opportunities:

As engineering involves the design and development of new technology, engineers are highly respected all over the world. This means that you are open to numerous international opportunities after pursuing a degree in engineering.

  • Enhancement of Creativity:

Engineering promotes creative thinking as it is a combination of scientific principles and creativity to develop new technology. It boosts your capacity to come up with new ideas using existing technology.

  • Engineering Helps in Improving the World:

Engineers contribute to societal benefits by discovering and inventing new technologies to make the world a better place. Engineering promotes innovation and the designing of new technology to make life easier.

Types of Engineering

Every field of work requires mathematical applications and scientific applications. From the oil and gas industry to farming, engineering is involved in everything. We have mentioned some common and popular engineering fields below:

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer and Software Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Acoustic Engineering
  • Geological Engineering

What are the Courses at UG and PG Levels Under Engineering?

Engineering offers many specialized courses in different branches at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. You can either opt for pursuing a diploma, bachelor's, master's, and Ph.D. courses to make a career in engineering. We have mentioned some common engineering courses at UG & PG levels for your reference below:

Undergraduate Engineering Courses

  • Diploma in Computer Science Engineering
  • Diploma in Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • Diploma in Electrical Engineering
  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
  • Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Chemical Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Electrical Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Mechanical Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Engineering Physics
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Metallurgical Engineering & Material Science
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Computer Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Production Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Petroleum Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Agricultural Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Automobile Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Automotive Engineering
  • B.Tech./B.E. in Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

Post-Graduate Engineering Courses

  • M.Tech./M.E. in Computer Science & Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Aerodynamics Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Aerospace Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Environmental Science & Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Energy Systems Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Communication & Signal Processing
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Microelectronics Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Electrical Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Mechanical Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Structural Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Civil Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • M.Tech./M.E. in Instrumentation & Control Engineering

Educational Requirements – Important Exams One Should Appear for Pursuing a Career in Engineering

Admission to various engineering courses is given based on the merit list and entrance exams. Many colleges and universities have their entrance exams and eligibility criteria for admission to various engineering courses. While some colleges accept the scorecard of the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE).

We have mentioned some popular entrance exams that you can appear for pursuing a career in engineering below:

Engineering Entrance Exams after 12th

Passing out 12th in the non-medical science stream is the most basic requirement for pursuing any undergraduate course in engineering. You must have cleared your 10+2 with a minimum required percentage from a recognized board.

Here are the top entrance exams that you need to clear for getting admission to top engineering courses from reputed colleges in India:

  • JEE Mains:

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) Main is a national-level entrance exam for various engineering courses. National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts this exam to select deserving candidates for pursuing their higher education from India's top institutes like IIT, NIT, etc. You can appear for this exam twice a year.

  • JEE Advanced:

One of the seven zonal IITs conducts JEE advanced for the candidates who have qualified JEE Mains. It is the second phase of the selection procedure for getting admission to undergraduate engineering courses at IIT. It is usually conducted after the result declaration of IIT mains every year.

  • WBJEE:

West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE) is a state-level entrance exam conducted by the state government of West Bengal. Many students appear for this exam every year to get admission to B.Tech. in various government and private colleges of West Bengal.


Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS), Pilani is one of the leading institutes for pursuing higher education. It conducts the Birla Institute of Science & Technology Admission Test (BITSAT) every year to select deserving candidates for admission to undergraduate engineering programs.

  • MHT CET:

Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHT CET) is a state-level entrance test for admissions to various engineering and pharmacy courses in Maharashtra. Maharashtra State Common Entrance Test Cell conducts this test every year to select aspiring candidates for admission in various government and private colleges of Maharashtra.

Engineering Entrance Exams after Graduation

Many students opt for pursuing postgraduate courses like MTech. & M.E. after completing their graduation. However, you need to clear entrance exams for getting admission to top engineering colleges for your higher studies.

Here are some of the popular engineering entrance exams after graduation:

  • GATE:

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is one of the most popular and common entrance exams for postgraduation in engineering. It is a national-level exam that is conducted annually to select skilled candidates to pursue higher education from IIT, IISc, and ISM.

  • BITS HD:

BITS Pilani conducts the Birla Institute of Technology & Science Higher Degree Exam for the selection of aspiring candidates for pursuing their post graduation in engineering from Birla Institute of Technology.


Vellore Institute of Technology Master’s Entrance Examination is conducted by VIT to offer admission to various postgraduate courses in their Vellore and Chennai campuses.

Career Opportunities After Doing Engineering Courses

As we all know, engineering is one of the most sought-after courses all over the world. Students from various countries enroll in different engineering courses to gain better exposure and job opportunities. You can apply to prestigious multinational companies like Google, Microsoft, Apple, etc. with a high salary package.

A large number of companies hire fresh talent through placement drives every year. Engineering offers a large scope to deserving and skilled candidates.

We have mentioned some common job profiles that you can apply for after pursuing courses in engineering for your reference below:

Job Profile

Average Annual Salary

Computer Engineer

INR 6 Lacs

Software Developer

INR 8 Lacs

Aerospace Engineer

INR 7.5 Lacs

Data Scientist

INR 10 Lacs

Electronic Engineer

INR 6 Lacs

Petroleum Engineer

INR 9 Lacs

Electrical Engineer

INR 8 Lacs

Environmental Engineer

INR 9 Lacs

IT Consultant

INR 7 Lacs



Students planning to pursue engineering as a career option have the freedom to choose a course from a large number of specializations according to their interests. However, all the engineering courses focus on building professional and multidisciplinary skills. New advanced streams like AI and ML have taken birth with the advancement in technology. There is a constant need for skilled engineers in various industries all over the world.

If you are passionate about engineering, you can make a career in the engineering sector with determination and hard work. 

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