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Top Medical Colleges - India

Medicine is one of the most satisfying and rewarding career options all over the world. It allows you to live your life on your terms and gives you the satisfaction of saving people's lives. With years of dedication and studies, you can make your name in medical history.

However, you have the opportunity to enter into other fields apart from being a surgeon or a physician after studying medicine. We have researched and listed the necessary points that might help in starting a career in medicine. If you are interested in making a successful career in the medical industry, read this article till the end. 

What Is Medical? Definition & Overview

Medicine or the medical industry is the field where professionals including doctors, specialists, and nurses are concerned about the treatment of diseases and injuries. It includes medical research, diagnosis of the disease, prevention, its cure, etc. 

It aims to maintain the mental and physical well-being of an individual. Pursuing a career in medicine allows you to learn about different body parts and their functioning in detail. It satisfies your curiosity about human anatomy and body structure. 

Fields of Medicine

Medicine is a broad field with different aspects of career opportunities. Here, we have mentioned some top fields associated with the medical industry:

  • Clinical Practice: Clinical practice involves working and attending to the patients directly. General physicians and nurses are involved in clinical practice.
  • Biomedical Research: It involves experimenting and developing the best possible treatment for various diseases and illnesses. 
  • Surgery: Surgery involves the use of a knife to treat any severe injury or body part for proper body functioning.
  • Medical Equipment: Doctors and other healthcare professionals require multiple devices to carry out lab tests and the diagnosis procedure. 
  • Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy involves counseling sessions and cognitive behavior therapy to treat depression and other mental issues.

Why Choose a Career in the Medical Industry?

Choosing a career in the medical industry depends on your interest and preferences. However, there are multiple benefits to pursuing a career in medicine. Some top benefits of pursuing a career in medicine include the following:

  • Job Satisfaction: As a medical professional, you contribute toward impacting people's lives and making the world a better place to live in. As a result, it provides ultimate job satisfaction.
  • Higher-Paying Jobs: Studying medicine opens varied pathways leading toward great and high-paying career opportunities. 
  • Job Security: A career in medical science assures and provides the highest job security. As a healthcare professional, you don’t need to worry about market conditions, recession, and other economic issues. Moreover, it is one of the fastest growing fields with an average growth rate of 33% in the next few years.
  • Flexible Timing: As you know, medical facilities operate 24/7 without any leave. This gives you the flexibility of working hours. You can easily manage your work schedule according to your preferences. However, you might even face difficulty with working at odd hours to provide emergency treatment.

What are the Courses at UG & PG Level Under Medical?

You must complete your 10+2 with biology as your main subject to start a career in medical science. There are multiple undergraduate and postgraduate courses in different disciplines that you can pursue for making a successful career in the medical industry. You can either choose to be a dentist or a heart surgeon based on your interest by pursuing these courses. Read on to know about various medical courses at different levels.

Undergraduate Medical Courses

As a medical aspirant, you need to fulfill a minimum eligibility criterion and appear for the medical entrance exam to get admission to undergraduate medical courses. You also get access to various mandatory internship programs along with your undergraduate medical degree. We have mentioned some common undergraduate medical degrees and diploma courses that you can opt to pursue as per your interest:

  • Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc. & AH)
  • Bachelor of Yoga and Naturopathy Sciences (BYNS)
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
  • Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT)
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy (DPT)
  • Diploma in Medical Radio Diagnosis (DMRD)
  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology 
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology
  • Diploma in Anesthesia
  • Diploma in Nursing
  • Diploma in Dialysis Techniques
  • Diploma in Radiography
  • Diploma in Radiology Therapy
  • Diploma in Occupational Therapy
  • General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)
  • B.Sc. in Nursing
  • B.Sc. in Food & Nutrition
  • B.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Microbiology
  • B.Sc. In Genetics
  • Diploma in Operation Theatre Techniques
  • B. Pharma

Postgraduate Medical Courses

You can pursue further postgraduate degrees to enhance your knowledge in your field after completing graduation. Here, are some common postgraduate medical courses that can help you secure a high-paying job:

  • Doctor of Medicine (MD) in various specializations
  • Master of Surgery (MS) in various specializations
  • Diplomate of National Board (DNB)
  • M.Sc. in Food & Nutrition
  • M.Sc. in Nursing 
  • M. Pharma
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Yoga
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Orthopedics
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Child Health
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Public Health
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Radio Diagnosis
  • Postgraduate Diploma in T.B. & Chest
  • Master in Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. in Nuclear Medicine Technology
  • Master of Dental Surgery (MDS)

After completing a particular level of medical education, you should get a registration with the National Medical Commission (NMC). It provides you with a legal license to practice as a doctor or surgeon in India.

Educational Requirements – Important Exams One Should Appear for Pursuing a Career in Medical

The medical industry is a highly competitive profession. You need to be extra smart in your studies for securing a seat in the medical colleges of India. You might not need to appear for any entrance exam for admission to B.Sc. or Diploma courses.

However, admission to most influential medical courses like MBBS, BDS, etc. is not given on a merit basis. Hence, you should appear for various national level entrance exams for studying medicine in the top Indian Universities. Here, we have mentioned some top medical entrance exams that you should appear for as a medical aspirant. 

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

NEET is the national-level entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to various private and government colleges in India. Medical aspirants need to appear for NEET to get admitted to various UG courses like MBBS, BDS, BYNS, etc. in top Indian institutes like AIIMS. It is the only entrance exam that needs to appear for pursuing MBBS from reputed private and public medical colleges.

Earlier, in 2017 it was famous by the name All India Pre-Medical Entrance Exam. All aspiring doctors need to undergo this offline test. The minimum age limit to appear for this exam is 17 years without any maximum age limit. 

AIIMS Entrance Exam

AIIMS is one of the most reputed medical institutes in India. It offers various undergraduate, postgraduate, and research-level medical courses. You can get admission to MBBS in AIIMS by qualifying for NEET. However, AIIMS also conducts its national level entrance exam for admission of deserving candidates to its various other medical courses. 

Your score in the entrance exam determines the AIIMS college that you will get admitted to for pursuing your higher education in medicine.

Armed Forces Medical College Exam (AFMC)

AFMC is another reputed medical institute in India that is located in Pune. It has got affiliation with the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences and authorization from the Medical Council of India. It offers admission to various undergraduate and postgraduate medical programs. You can reserve your seat for pursuing MBBS from this college through your NEET score. Moreover, it also conducts a separate entrance exam for various other medical colleges.

Banaras Hindu University Medical Entrance Examination (BHU Medical Entrance Exam)

Banaras Hindu University is also a reputed Indian university where many medical aspirants want to get admitted. Just like other medical universities, you need to qualify for NEET for pursuing MBBS from BHU. However, you can also appear for its entrance exam to get admission to other medical diploma and postgraduate diploma programs offered by BHU.

Career Opportunities After Pursuing Medical Courses

Pursuing various medical courses opens multiple paths for varied and lucrative career opportunities. It allows you exposure to different job profiles as per your level of interest and academic results. We have mentioned some of the highest paying medical job profiles for your reference below:

Job Profile

Average Annual Income


INR 2.4 Lacs per annum

Veterinary Assistant

INR 2.5 Lacs per annum


INR 2.9 Lacs per annum


INR 10.8 Lacs per annum

General Physician

INR 7.2 Lacs per annum


INR 2.2 Lacs per annum

Physical Therapist

INR 3 Lacs per annum



Despite being one of the most lucrative career opportunities, pursuing a career in medical sciences is very difficult in India. However, once you have completed your education you have multiple options for building a successful career. It gives you a chance to impact other people through communication and commitment. It also instills a sense of problem-solving skills and facing challenges in life. 

We hope that you might have found this article interesting and learned various aspects of entering the field of medicine. Work hard and provoke yourself to contribute toward reducing the suffering in the world.


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